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Creating a Dementia-Friendly Environment: Tips and Strategies

Have you ever wondered how the environment around us can significantly impact the lives of those living with dementia? Let's explore the ways we can make our surroundings more dementia-friendly to enhance the well-being of our loved ones.

Understanding Dementia

Before diving into creating a dementia-friendly environment, it's crucial to grasp what dementia is. Dementia is not a specific disease but a term that encompasses a range of cognitive disorders characterised by memory loss, impaired communication, and difficulty performing everyday activities. Alsheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia.

Simplify the Space

Imagine navigating through a maze with twists and turns. For someone with dementia, a cluttered and confusing environment can feel just like that. To make spaces more dementia-friendly, simplify. Reduce unnecessary furniture, keep walkways clear, and minimise visual distractions. A clear, uncluttered space helps individuals with dementia move around comfortably and confidently.

Clear and Simple Signage

Have you ever been lost in a building with confusing signs? Now imagine the frustration someone with dementia might feel in such a situation. Clear and simple signage can make a significant difference. Use large, easy-to-read fonts, distinct symbols, and high-contrast colours to guide individuals through the environment. This small adjustment can enhance their independence and reduce stress.

Familiarity Breeds Comfort

Think about the comfort you feel when surrounded by familiar things. The same principle applies to individuals with dementia. Incorporate familiar items, such as family photos, cherished belongings, or familiar furniture, to create a sense of comfort and security. Familiarity provides a connection to the past and can be incredibly reassuring for someone experiencing memory loss.

Adequate Lighting

Adequate lighting is crucial in creating a dementia-friendly environment. Well-lit spaces help individuals see and navigate their surroundings more easily, reducing the risk of falls and increasing overall safety. Natural light is particularly beneficial, so open those curtains and let the sunshine in!

Supportive and Comfortable Furniture

Comfortable furniture isn't just a luxury; it's a necessity for those living with dementia. Choose supportive and easy-to-use furniture that promotes independence. Chairs with armrests, adjustable beds, and cushions can significantly improve the comfort and well-being of individuals with dementia. Comfortable furniture contributes to a relaxed and pleasant environment.


Sundowning poses unique challenges for individuals living with dementia, particularly during the transition from day to night. To address this, it's important to create dementia-friendly environments that consider the following

1. Lighting: Ensure rooms are well-lit, especially during the evening hours. Use natural light where possible during the day and incorporate bright, consistent lighting in the evening to minimize shadows and confusion.

2. Routine: Establish consistent daily routines to provide a sense of structure and familiarity. Consistency in meal times, activities, and bedtime routines can help reduce anxiety and agitation during sundowning episodes.

3. Calming Environment: Create a calm and soothing atmosphere by minimizing noise and distractions in the environment. Consider playing soft music or using white noise machines to promote relaxation.

4. Avoiding Stimulants: Limit caffeine and sugar intake, especially in the afternoon and evening, as they can contribute to restlessness and exacerbate sundowning symptoms.

5. Avoiding TV Programmes: Some individuals may become agitated or confused when watching television programmes. Consider alternatives such as playing calming and soothing music or nature scenes on the TV instead.

6. Engagement: Encourage engagement in calming activities such as gentle exercise, reading, or listening to music during the evening hours. Meaningful activities can help distract from distressing symptoms and promote relaxation.

7. Comfortable Surroundings: Ensure that furniture is comfortable and safe, with clear pathways to navigate. Remove any tripping hazards and clutter to minimize the risk of accidents, especially during periods of confusion.

8. Supportive Caregiving: Offer reassurance and support to individuals experiencing sundowning symptoms. Validate their feelings and provide comfort through gentle touch and verbal reassurance.

Bottom Line

Creating a dementia-friendly environment is a collective effort. At Peaceful Place, our dedication to supporting individuals diagnosed with dementia is unwavering. We strive to foster friendships and preserve skills through various initiatives and activities such as music therapy, yoga, and art. Join us in our mission to enhance the lives of those living with dementia by becoming part of our vibrant and supportive community. Visit Peaceful Place today to learn more.

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